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Birth Control Pills - What You Need To Know

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What exactly are birth control pills, and just how can they work (mechanism of action)?
Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) are medicines that prevent pregnancy. They're one system of birth control. Oral contraceptives are hormonal preparations that could have mixtures of the hormones estrogen and progestin or progestin alone. Combinations of estrogen plus progestin prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the release of the stress hormones luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) from the pituitary gland in the human brain. FSH and LH play crucial roles in the improvement of the egg and planning of the coating of the uterus for implantation of the embryo. Progestin also would make the uterine mucus which surrounds the egg harder for sperm to penetrate as well as, consequently, for fertilization to occur. In certain females, progestin inhibits ovulation (release of the egg).

You will find various kinds of combination birth control pills which have estrogen and…

Dr. Irfana Koita, Fertility Medicine

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Dr Koita is a member of The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG), UK and has achieved a Masters in Healthcare Leadership from Cornell University, USA. She has over 15 years of clinical experience in the field of assisted reproduction, having worked at Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, CREATE Fertility, CARE Fertility and The CRGH.


Her special interest lies in the treatment of women who have reduced ovarian function using Natural Cycle IVF treatment and in those who have had unsuccessful stimulated IVF attempts. Her clientele also includes women who want to do Egg Freezing to preserve their fertility. She performs all the fertility related clinical procedures at the Boston Place Clinic, which is a state of the art IVF centre in London. The treatments are individualised to personal needs to give the best outcome.

In addition to online consulting, she sees patients in London at The Birth Company at Harley Street, at LycaHealth at Canary Wharf…